What Are the 13 Most Common Types of Oral Surgeries and How Do They Work?

Curious about the various oral surgeries that can enhance one’s quality of life? You’ve come to the right place. Oral surgeries play a vital role in maintaining oral health and well-being.

Skilled professionals perform common types of oral surgeries to address a range of dental issues, including crooked teeth and chronic jaw pain. But how do these surgeries work? Join us as we delve into the intricacies of these procedures and uncover their benefits.

This will empower you to make informed decisions about your dental care. Let’s dive in!

1. Wisdom Teeth Extraction

Wisdom teeth, also known as third molars, are the last set of teeth to erupt in the mouth. Often, there is not enough space for these teeth to grow and they can become impacted, causing pain and discomfort. The extraction procedure involves numbing the area with local anesthesia and removing the tooth from the socket.

The dentist may need to make an incision in the gum tissue or break the tooth into smaller pieces for easier extraction. Recovery time can vary, but it is important to follow post-operative instructions to ensure proper healing.

2. Dental Implants

This is one of the dental procedures that involves surgically placing an artificial tooth root made of titanium into the jawbone. As the jawbone heals, it fuses with the implant, creating a strong foundation for the replacement tooth. Once the implant has been integrated into the jawbone, a custom-made crown is attached to the top.

This creates a natural-looking and functioning tooth that can last for many years with proper care. Dental implants not only improve the appearance of a smile, but they also help to maintain the structure of the jaw and prevent bone loss. With a success rate of over 95%, dental implants have become a reliable and effective solution for those with missing teeth.

3. Jaw Realignment

Jaw realignment, also called orthognathic surgery, stands as one of the most common oral surgeries. Typically recommended for individuals with misaligned jaws, this procedure addresses issues like difficulty chewing, speaking, and even breathing. During the surgery, incisions are made in the jawbone, allowing for its repositioning to correct alignment.

Additionally, reshaping the jaw to enhance its appearance may be part of the process. Generally performed under general anesthesia, recovery time can range from a few weeks to several months. By undergoing jaw realignment, patients can enjoy improved jaw function and a more symmetrical facial appearance, leading to an enhanced quality of life.

4. Root Canal Treatment

Root canal treatment is one of the most common types of oral surgery that aims to save and repair a damaged or infected tooth. This procedure involves removing the infected pulp from the inside of the tooth, cleaning and disinfecting the root canals, and filling them with a special material. The tooth is then sealed with a temporary or permanent filling to prevent further infection.

This treatment may be necessary when the tooth is severely decayed, has a deep cavity, or has been injured. Despite its reputation for being painful, modern techniques and anesthesia make root canal treatment relatively painless and effective in saving the natural tooth.

5. Gum Surgery

It is recommended to treat advanced stages of gum disease, also referred to as periodontitis. During the procedure, the gum tissue is removed and reshaped to end pockets of bacteria and reduce the risk of further infection. This can involve techniques such as gum grafting or pocket reduction surgery.

By addressing the underlying issues causing gum disease, gum surgery aims to promote healthy gums and prevent tooth loss. Patients are provided with post-operative care instructions to help the healing process. With proper care, gum surgery can improve oral health and prevent the need for more invasive procedures in the future.

6. Cleft Palate Repair

This condition occurs when the roof of the mouth is not fully formed during fetal development, resulting in a gap or split in the roof of the mouth. The surgery involves closing the gap and reconstructing the palate to allow for normal speech, eating, and breathing. It is performed between 6 to 18 months of age.

This involves making incisions in the roof of the mouth to realign the muscles and tissues. With advancements in technology and techniques, cleft palate repair has a high success rate, giving children born with this condition a chance at a normal life.

7. Apicoectomy

Apicoectomy is a common type of oral surgery that involves the removal of the tip of a tooth’s root, also known as the apex. This procedure is performed when a root canal treatment fails or is unable to resolve an infection or inflammation in the tooth’s nerve and surrounding tissues. During an apicoectomy, the dentist or oral surgeon will make a small incision near the affected tooth and access the root tip through the gum tissue.

The infected or diseased tissue is then removed, and the tip of the root is sealed to prevent further infection or decay. This procedure is often successful in preserving the natural tooth and eliminating the need for extraction.

8. Orthodontic Surgeries

Often referred to as braces, these surgeries work by repositioning the teeth and reshaping the jawbone to achieve a straighter and more balanced appearance. This procedure begins with a thorough examination and diagnostic imaging of the teeth and jaw to determine the best course of treatment.

Then, the orthodontist will use different tools and techniques such as braces, aligners, and retainers to shift the teeth into their desired position. These surgeries can improve the function and aesthetics of the teeth, leading to a confident smile and better oral health.

9. Cosmetic Procedures

These procedures are designed to improve the appearance of the teeth, mouth, and smile. They are often used to correct issues such as crooked or misaligned teeth, discolored or stained teeth, or gaps between teeth. Cosmetic procedures can also involve fixing a “gummy” smile or reshaping the gums to create a more balanced appearance.

These surgeries involve reshaping, realigning, or adding onto the structure of the smile using materials like porcelain veneers, dental implants, or composite bonding. These procedures work by altering the shape, size, and color of the teeth, resulting in a more aesthetically pleasing smile.

10. Jaw Cyst Removal

Jaw cysts, also known as odontogenic cysts, are fluid-filled sacs that can develop in the bones of the jaw. They are a common type of oral pathology and can cause various symptoms such as pain, swelling, and infection. In severe cases, jaw cysts can even lead to damage to surrounding teeth and bone.

One of the most common and effective dental treatments for jaw cysts is surgical removal. This procedure is typically performed by an oral surgeon or maxillofacial surgeon under local or general anesthesia. The surgeon will make an incision in the gum tissue and remove the cyst, along with any affected bone tissue. 

11. Frenectomy

A frenectomy is a common type of oral surgery that involves the removal of the frenulum, a small piece of tissue that connects the tongue to the bottom of the mouth. This procedure is often recommended for individuals who have a tight or short frenulum, which can cause problems with speech, eating, and even tooth misalignment.

During the surgery, a dentist or oral surgeon will use a scalpel or laser to remove the frenulum, allowing for more movement and flexibility of the tongue. This procedure is usually quick and relatively painless, and can greatly improve the quality of life for those who experience difficulties due to a restricted frenulum.

12. Sinus Lift

Sinus lift is a common type of oral surgery that is used to increase the amount of bone in the upper jaw, particularly in the area above the molars and premolars. This procedure is necessary when there is not enough bone present for a dental implant to be placed. During a sinus lift, the oral surgeon will make an incision in the gum tissue and expose the underlying bone.

Then, a small opening will be made in the bone and the sinus membrane will be gently lifted. This creates a space for bone grafting material to be placed, which will regenerate new bone. After the bone has healed, a dental implant can be successfully placed in the upper jaw. 

13. Biopsies

These procedures are typically performed when there is suspicion of potential abnormalities or diseases in the mouth, such as lesions, ulcers, or tumors. Biopsies involve the removal of a small tissue sample from the affected area for further examination and diagnosis. They are often recommended after other diagnostic tests, such as X-rays or blood work, have been inconclusive.

The process of a biopsy involves numbing the area with local anesthesia, making a small incision to access the tissue, and then sending the sample to a lab for analysis. It is an important tool in identifying and treating oral health issues and can provide essential information for a successful surgery. Knowing the top signs that people need oral surgery may be necessary can help individuals seek timely treatment and prevent potential complications.

Explore the Most Common Types of Oral Surgeries and Their Procedures

Understanding the most common types of oral surgeries can help alleviate any fear or uncertainty one may have about undergoing such procedures. From simple tooth extractions to complex jaw reconstructions, oral surgeries are performed with precision, and advancements in technology have made them more efficient and comfortable.

If you or a loved one needs oral surgery, do not hesitate to schedule a consultation with a trusted oral surgeon today. Your oral health is worth investing in.

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